Recent global actions with a vision to make a change:
While we see an increasing awareness about the urgency to protect the climate structures on a global platform, many nations and international powers have been coming forth in agreement, thus forming multilateral and bilateral agreements to initiate global protection and climate defence. It was only recently that the U.S government under Joe Biden held a ‘Leaders’ Summit on Climate’ which was attended by nearly 40 global leaders including PM Narendra Modi, Borris Johnson, Yoshihide Suga, President Xi Jinping of China and President Vladimir Putin of Russia.
Through this summit, Biden announced that the United States would cut down its greenhouse emissions by 50-52% by 2030, relative to the 2005 levels. He further announced that the U.S, by 2024, would double its annual financing commitments to developing countries, including a tripling of its adaptation finance. While taking up the considerations of selling climate action to the American public, President Biden and his administrative forces have tried to link climate action and clean technology to jobs and economic growth, thus setting up an example for deriving financial produce out of the climate fortification acts.
The European Union, too, reached a tentative climate deal that is ought to make the 27-nation bloc climate-neutral by the year 2050, with member states and parliament agreeing on the targets that were established on eve of the leaders’ summit. The union has further committed itself to an intermediate target of cutting down the greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% compared to the 1990 levels, by 2030.
The United States and China, the world’s two largest carbon polluters, have agreed to cooperate with other nations in order to curb the climate change. This agreement was reached by the U.S Special Envoy for Climate, John Kerry and his Chinese counter-part, Xia Zhenhua, during the two-day talk in Shanghai.
The United States further applauded India for stepping up its climate change commitments including the partnership with the U.S to deploy 450 gigawatts of renewable power to meet the ambitious target for 2030 climate action and clean energy. In accountancy of this India-US Climate and Clean Energy Agenda 2030 Partnership, Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated that India welcomes partners to create templates of sustainable development in India, which might further help the developing countries who require an affordable access to green finance and technology.
Why fear the crisis?
It has not been long since the world has become aware of the climate massacre that we are heading to, given the pace at which nations and global powers have been disrupting the natural resources. The novel urgency commences as scientists approximate that climate change caused fossil fuel use is now worsening draughts, floods, hurricanes, wildfires and other disasters and that humans are running out of the time to stave off most catastrophic extremes of global warming.
Humans are progressively manipulating the climate and earth’s temperature by burning these fossil fuels, cutting down forests and farming livestock. This adds colossal extents of green-house gases to those naturally occurring in the atmosphere, thus increasing the global warming. This is a consecutive result of the greenhouse gases like Carbon di-oxide, Methane, Nitrous oxide and fluorinated gases that trap the sunshine and stop it from leaking back to the space, thus increasing the temperature of the earth’s surface.
As a part of the records from 1750 to 2020, the concentration of Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has risen to 48% above its pre-industrial level. 2011-2020 was the warmest decade recorded, with the global average temperature reaching 1.1 degree Celsius above pre-industrial levels in 2019. According to the European Union Climate Action Committee, human-induced global warming is presently increased at a rate of 0.2 degree Celsius per decade.
While the nations struggle to build agreements that might foster the climate conditions, there is a long way to go. It is indeed an establishment that needs to be acknowledged as a means of climate progress and re-construction.